Key Tower+ expand detail
Cleveland, Ohio, USA
1.4 million square feet / 127,000 square meters
Facing the Public Square and the Mall, Key Tower defines and links downtown Cleveland’s two most important public spaces. The tower is located on the northeast corner of the Square and forms a gateway to the Mall aligned with the Terminal and BP America towers. Together, the three towers locate Public Square on the skyline and create a landmark silhouette for the center of Cleveland.
Key Tower is part of a full-block development known as Key Center. In addition to the 57-story tower, the project included the design of a 403-room convention hotel and the rehabilitation of the Society for Savings Bank, designed by Burnham and Root and built in 1889. To restore the historic bank to its original appearance, the building’s red sandstone exterior was cleaned and repaired and a mid-century addition removed. The building’s ornate public banking hall, designed by William Pretyman with allegorical murals by Walter Crane, is substantially unchanged from its original state and still in use.
Key Tower and the Society for Savings are polite and sympathetic urban neighbors. The tower’s stone cladding, setbacks, material changes and surface treatments respond to the scale and profile of the bank. On Public Square, Key Tower’s narrower face stands next to the bank, the tower’s façade set slightly behind that of the bank. Setbacks in the tower’s plan and section create an 11-story base that serves as a companion to the smaller building. Key Tower was designed to feel like an independent building – the wide reveal separates it from Society for Savings, allowing the bank’s mass and silhouette to be expressed. The tower is clad in Stony Creek granite, composite steel and concrete and its top is composed of stainless steel.